Dispute settlement takes many forms. Here are brief descriptions of the most common dispute resolution procedures: Contractors cannot know what type of dispute may result, if any, from the performance of the contract, so the best mediation dispute resolution clauses are often the simplest. The convening of informal negotiations – and often the change of negotiators – as a prerequisite for formal dispute settlement procedures is called “step negotiation”. An example of dispute resolution step negotiation clauses follows: the Rent-a-Judge program is a new variant of the arbitration procedure in which the parties to the dispute choose a retired judge to hear their case, much like an arbitrator. Retired judges are sometimes also employed in traditional arbitration, but the Rent-a-Judge program uses normal court procedures (sometimes modified by disputants). In addition, the judge`s decision by law has the legal status of a real court decision. The experiment has had considerable success and acceptance in the jurisdictions where it has been allowed, particularly in California, but it is too early to say how widespread it will be. Since there is no need to wait for a hearing or conduct the proceedings in public, the program buys a lot of time and privacy. However, some observers are concerned when it comes to following a path that could lead to a formally sanctioned class of justice, which is only available to those who can pay for it. Jury summary proceedings are based on the observation that trial parties are often unable to resolve their disputes quickly because their expectations differ as to a jury`s view of their claims.
In 1983, Federal District Judge Thomas Lambros invented the Summary Jury Trial (SJT) in his Cleve-Land courtroom in his Cleve-Land courtroom, and with a few variations here and there, the trial has since found its way to many other federal and state courts. Non-binding forms of dispute settlement focus on finding an amicable solution between the parties. The examples are as follows: (Although the Taft-Hartley Act provides a separate legal framework for the enforcement of employment agreements, commercial and labour arbitrations are quite similar, both in law and in practice.