Ron Collins: “The Overview of Pilgrims.” MayflowerFamilies.com www.mayflowerfamilies.com/colonial_life/pilgrims.htm. To end the conflict and maintain unity, the pilgrimage guides (including William Bradford and William Brewster) designed the Mayflower Compact before disembarking. The short document (approximately 200 words) linked its signatories to a political body to form a government and promised to comply with all laws and regulations that would later be fixed “to the general of the colony.” The pact was signed by almost all adult male passengers of the Mayflower (41 passengers out of a total of 102), while the ship was molded into provincetown Harbour. His authority was exercised immediately when John Carver, who had co-organized the expedition, was elected governor of the new colony. William Bradford`s magazine of Plimoth Plantation reports much of what happened to the group, including how they were persecuted so that they could no longer live peacefully. The delays caused by the Speedwell meant that the Mayflower did not depart until September 16, 1620 AD, and that the journey across the Atlantic was much rougher than it would have been if they had left in July. The first half of the voyage, according to the report of the separatist William Bradford (l. 1590-1657 A.D.), sailed smoothly with strong winds, but this changed quickly when huge waves hit the ship and the passengers were impregnated almost continuously with seawater through the eyes of the sea and linen above the ceiling. Whatever the tensions between separatists and foreigners, these conditions could not have been improved. In the early 17th century, a group of individuals named “separatists” met in Scrooby, England. The separatists opposed the ecclesiastical faith, as the English leaders dictated. Although King James was a Protestant, he was intolerant of various religious beliefs. The separatists believed that the Church of England had not completed the work of the Reformation and demanded the total separation of the Church.
The problem was that the Mayflower had no legal right to land there, and the passengers had no authority to establish a colony in that area. James I. had given to the Virginia Company of London and the Plymouth Company Charter on the condition that each colony be established at a distance from the other so as not to offend the other`s prospects. The passengers had only been chartered for the establishment of a colony in the populated area of the Virginia Company of London. The country she previously found in November 1620 was under the jurisdiction of the Plymouth Company and her charter was therefore invalid and the laws they were waiting to find already established were not available. Morton`s list of names was unnumerated in the six issues (1669-1855) and untitled, although his order changed with successive editions. In its original edition of 1669, the names were placed on two successive pages, forming six short columns, three per page.  In subsequent editions, these six short columns were grouped in two different ways into three long columns on a page, creating two different orders in lists of unnumerated signatories.
The second (1721) and third (1772) edition changed the order of the first edition by combining the first and fourth columns in the first long column, and similar for the other columns.