The Berlin Plus Agreement consists of seven main parties: The Berlin Plus Agreement is the succinct title of a comprehensive set of agreements between NATO and the EU from 16 December 2002.  These agreements were based on the conclusions of the 1999 NATO Summit in Washington, sometimes referred to as the CJTF mechanism and allowed the EU to use some of NATO`s military assets in its own peacekeeping operations. Since the Berlin Plus agreement in 2003, circumstances have changed considerably. But the echoes of the old debates have recently wieder-showing that the friction which Berlin Plus responded yet exists. The US calls for increased EU defence spending are more ambitious, but their response to proposals for EU military effectiveness and autonomy reflects the suspicions of the past. The EU has taken the opportunity to become a serious player in defence and security, but its ambitions remain, as always, limited by the lack of significant EU capabilities, which will soon be strengthened by Brexit. The agreements were convened after a meeting of NATO foreign ministers in Berlin in 1996, when they declared their readiness to “facilitate the use of separable but unrepargated military capabilities in Western European Union operations”. At its 1999 summit in Washington, which was based on the Berlin decision, NATO acknowledged “the determination of the European Union to have an autonomous capacity for action” and effectively extended the agreements to the EU. Hence the “plus.” On behalf of the EU, Mr Solana wrote to NATO Secretary General George Robertson on 17 March 2003, confirming that the work between the two organisations on Berlin Plus had been completed. In recent years, NATO and the EU have highlighted their nascent cooperation. EU Presidents Tusk and Juncker attended the NATO summit in Warsaw in July 2016 and signed a joint statement with NATO Secretary General Stoltenberg to “give new impetus and new content to the strategic partnership between NATO and the EU.” The result was a series of 42 concrete proposals agreed on by the two organizations in December 2016. By December 2017, there were even more of them. The Council of the European Union and the North Atlantic Council approved a common set of new proposals, including 34 measures to implement the joint declaration.
They also address new topics such as the fight against terrorism, military mobility and women, peace and security. At the 2018 Munich Security Conference, the ELN and the Federation of German Industry (BDI) held a roundtable on the state of Franco-German industrial cooperation and cooperation and its impact on the rest of Europe. It`s time to remember the benefits of Berlin Plus. The operational and declarative aspects of the EU-NATO relations remain important for the balance of transatlantic relations.